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Selecting A Sealed Lead Acid Battery for Your Security Application

The Security Industry uses Lead acid batteries for stand-by power because they float charge well and have no usage memory.  Sealed, gel type lead acid batteries are widely used for cleanliness, low maintenance, and the ability to be mounted in any position.  When float charged, lead acid batteries typically last 4-6 years.  A precision power supply/charger will provide the proper voltage for any given temperature regardless of load.  This is what provides long battery life from ESD power supplies.

Small sealed lead acid batteries used in the security industry are typically rated with a 20 hour (AH) ampere-hour capacity discharge time.  The capacity increases a little when discharged at a greater than a 20 hour rate and the capacity decreases when discharged at less then a 20 hour rate.  A 4AH battery divided by 20, will provide .2Amps of current for 20 hours.  When any of the batteries are discharged at a 1 hour rate, the capacity is reduced to about 60% of 20 hour rate capacity.

The table below is built from data from the “Power Sonic Battery technical handbook”.  The standby table shows what kind of stand by time in hours you could expect for a given load and battery size.  The table also has a 10% safety factor and a 3 Amp alarm load for 5 minutes.  The table would be accurate for 12v lead acid battery, or 2 12vdc batteries connected in series for 24vdc operation.

BATTERY STANDBY TIME TABLE
Standby Amps 4AH Hours 7AH Hours 12AH Hours 24AH Hours 40AH Hours
.06A 58h 106h 185h 376h 630h
.125A 27.9h 51h 89h 180h 301h
.25A 11.8h 25h 44h 90h 151h
.5A 5.3h 9.6h 19.9h 43h 73h
1A 1.9h 4.2h 7.9h 21.3h 36.4h
2A .9h 2h 3.9h 8.5h 16h
3A .6h 1.1h 2.4h 5.7h 9.5h
4A .4h .79h 1.5h 3.6h 7.4h
5A .32h .63h 1.2h 2.9h 5.9h
6A .27h .49h .96h 2.4h 4.75h
7A .23h .42h .83h 1.9h 3.8h
8A .2h .4h .65h 1.6h 3.5h